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Starting in 1805, the United States negotiated treaties with Minnesota's indigenous peoples. Explore each treaty and see how changing boundaries reflect the influx of settlers and displacement of the Dakota, Ojibwe, and Ho-Chunk. 

 

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Date Title Source Link
Pre 1805 First Nations n/a
9/23/1805 1805 treaty with the Dakota http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/S?ammem/hlaw:@filreq(@band(@field(DATE+18050923)+@field(FLD003+@band(llss+c56)))+@field(COLLID+llss))
8/19/1825 1825 treaty at Prairie du Chien n/a
7/15/1830 1830 "Half Breed Tract" n/a
9/15/1832 1832 treaty with the Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?hlaw:5:./temp/~ammem_NOkR::
7/29/1837 The treaties of 1837 http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/S?ammem/hlaw:@filreq(@band(@field(DATE+18370729)+@field(FLD003+@band(llss+c56)))+@field(COLLID+llss))
9/29/1837 The treaties of 1837 http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/S?ammem/hlaw:@filreq(@band(@field(DATE+18370929)+@field(FLD003+@band(llss+c56)))+@field(COLLID+llss))
10/13/1846 1846 treaty with the Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/S?ammem/hlaw:@filreq(@band(@field(DATE+18461013)+@field(FLD003+@band(llss+c56)))+@field(COLLID+llss))
8/2/1847 1847 treaties with the Ojibwe http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/S?ammem/hlaw:@filreq(@band(@field(DATE+18470802)+@field(FLD003+@band(llss+c56)))+@field(COLLID+llss))
8/21/1847 1847 treaties with the Ojibwe http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/S?ammem/hlaw:@filreq(@band(@field(DATE+18470821)+@field(FLD003+@band(llss+c56)))+@field(COLLID+llss))
7/23/1851 1851 treaties with the Dakota at Traverse des Sioux and Mendota http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/S?ammem/hlaw:@filreq(@band(@field(DATE+18510723)+@field(FLD003+@band(llss+c56)))+@field(COLLID+llss))
8/5/1851 1851 treaties with the Dakota at Traverse des Sioux and Mendota http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/S?ammem/hlaw:@filreq(@band(@field(DATE+18510805)+@field(FLD003+@band(llss+c56)))+@field(COLLID+llss))
1854 1854 “arrangement” with the mixed-blood Dakota n/a
9/30/1854 1854 Treaty of La Pointe http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/S?ammem/hlaw:@filreq(@band(@field(DATE+18540930)+@field(FLD003+@band(llss+c56)))+@field(COLLID+llss))
2/22/1855 1855 Treaty of Washington http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/S?ammem/hlaw:@filreq(@band(@field(DATE+18550222)+@field(FLD003+@band(llss+c56)))+@field(COLLID+llss))
6/19/1858 1858 treaty with the Dakota http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/S?ammem/hlaw:@filreq(@band(@field(DATE+18580619)+@field(FLD003+@band(llss+c56)))+@field(COLLID+llss))
3/3/1863 1863 Dakota Expulsion Act http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/S?ammem/hlaw:@filreq(@band(@field(DATE+18630303)+@field(FLD003+@band(llss+c56)))+@field(COLLID+llss))
10/2/1863 1863 treaty with the Ojibwe - Red Lake and Pembina Bands http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/S?ammem/hlaw:@filreq(@band(@field(DATE+18631002)+@field(FLD003+@band(llss+c56)))+@field(COLLID+llss))
4/7/1866 1866 treaty with the Ojibwe - Bois Forte Band http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/S?ammem/hlaw:@filreq(@band(@field(DATE+18660407)+@field(FLD003+@band(llss+c56)))+@field(COLLID+llss))