"[Officials] built a box and put the beef in it and steamed it and made soup . . . and that is the reason these hills here are filled with children’s graves; it seemed as though they wanted to kill us."
Passing Hail, Mdewakanton Dakota, to a congressional commission investigating conditions at Crow Creek, 1865
Hyman, Colette A., "Survival at Crow Creek," Minnesota History, 61 (2008), 148-60.
Steil, Mark. Exiled at Crow Creek. Minnesota Public Radio.
Hawker Bakeman, Mary and Richardson, Antonia M., editors. Trails of Tears: Minnesota’s Dakota Indian Exile Begins. Roseville, MN: Prairie Echoes Press, 2008
Hyman, Colette A., "Survival at Crow Creek," Minnesota History 61 (2008), 148-60
Waziyatawin. What Does Justice Look Like? St. Paul: Living Justice Press, 2008